Removals and storage in Gillingham, Dorset
Pitmans offer house removals and commercial removals in Gillingham, Dorset, with specialist packing services for antiques and fine art. Whether it’s a full house move or a single item, within the UK or across Europe, we offer a professional, safe and friendly service with full insurance, giving you peace of mind throughout the process.
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Gillingham: A potted history
Gillingham is a town and civil parish in the Blackmore Vale area of Dorset. It lies on the B3095 and B3081 roads about four miles south of the A303 trunk road and five miles northwest of Shaftesbury. It is the most northerly town in the county.In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 11,756. The neighbouring hamlets of Peacemarsh, Bay and Wyke have become part of Gillingham as it has expanded.
Gillingham is pronounced with a hard initial ‘g’ as in ‘goat’, unlike Gillingham, Kent, which is pronounced with a soft ‘g’ as in ‘Germany’.
There is a stone age barrow in the town, and evidence of Roman settlement in the 2nd and 3rd centuries; however the town was established by the Saxons. The church of St Mary the Virgin has a Saxon cross shaft dating from the 9th century.
The name Gillingham was used for the town in its 10th century Saxon charter, and also in an entry for 1016 in the annals, as the location of a battle between Edmund Ironside and the Vikings. In the Domesday Book in 1086 it is recorded as Gelingeham, and later spellings include Gellingeham in 1130, Gyllingeham in 1152 and Gilingeham in 1209. The name derives from a personal name plus the Old English inga and hām, and means a homestead of the family or followers of a man called Gylla.
Half of the town’s population of 2,000 died of the Black Death in the four months following October 1348.
In the Middle Ages, Gillingham was the site of a royal hunting lodge, visited by Kings Henry I, Henry II, John and Henry III. A nearby royal forest was set aside for the king’s deer. The lodge fell into disrepair and was destroyed in 1369 by Edward III.
Edward Rawson, the first secretary to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born in Gillingham.
Gillingham became a local farming centre, gained the first grammar school in Dorset in 1516 and a mill for silk in 1769. Gillingham’s church has a 14th-century chancel, though most of the rest of the building was built in the 19th and 20th centuries. Many other buildings in the town are of Tudor origin.
In the 1820s, the artist John Constable stayed at Gillingham vicarage and, being impressed by the beauty of the countryside, executed several local sketches and paintings. His painting of the old town bridge is in the Tate Gallery. In the 1850s, the arrival of the railway to the town brought prosperity and new industries including brickmaking, cheese production, printing, soap manufacture and at the end of the 19th century one of the first petrol engine plants in the country. In the Second World War Gillingham’s position on the railway from London to Exeter was key to its rapid growth. In 1940 and 1941 there was large-scale evacuation of London and other industrial cities to rural towns, particularly in the north, southwest and Wales. Gillingham grew rapidly because of this.
In the 2011 census Gillingham civil parish had 5,345 dwellings. 5,107 households and a population of 11,756.
Gillingham is divided into four electoral wards: Gillingham Town, Lodbourne, Milton and Wyke. Their total population in the 2011 census was 9,799.
The town has 70 shops and two commercial estates (Brickfields Business Park and Brickfields Industrial Estate) and the Gillingham education area has seven primary schools (four in the town) and one secondary school.
The town plays host to the annual Gillingham & Shaftesbury Show, which is an agricultural show held every August at the showground on the outskirts of the town. Gillingham Town Carnival is held every October.
Gillingham has a Non-League football club, Gillingham Town F.C., who play at Harding’s Lane, and a rugby union club. Until 2009, when it ceased for financial reasons, Gillingham hosted an annual 10-day festival of music and sport. Gillingham has had a brass band since 1928; they are currently nationally graded in the 3rd Section, and perform at civic events and carnivals. Gillingham has the only night club in North Dorset.
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